Gluten-Free Classic Double Pie Crust

This is one recipe that simply has to be a part of every baker's repertoire, including those baking gluten-free. With its combination of butter (for flavor) and shortening (for structure), this gluten-free pie dough is perfect for all of your delicious double-crust fruit pies. 

We know you’ll love this gluten-free version of our Classic Double Pie Crust recipe, a long-time favorite here on our site. Substituting Gluten-Free Measure for Measure Flour for the flour in that original yields tender, easy-to-roll pie dough that’s sure to be a hit with friends and family following a gluten-free diet. Enjoy!

15 mins
45 mins
2 crusts
Gluten-Free Classic Birthday Cake


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  1. Weigh your flour, or measure it by gently spooning it into a cup, then sweeping off any excess.

  2. In a medium-sized mixing bowl, whisk together the flour and salt.

  3. Add the shortening, working it in until the mixture is evenly crumbly, like coarse beach sand; you want everything thoroughly combined.

  4. Cut the butter into small (about 1/2") cubes.

  5. Add the butter to the flour mixture, and work it in roughly with your fingers, a pastry cutter, or a mixer. Don't be too thorough; the mixture should be quite uneven, with big chunks of butter in among the smaller ones. People get nervous about pie crust, and in their anxiety they tend to work the dough too much. Working the butter in completely makes a mealy crust rather than a flaky one.

  6. Drizzle 4 tablespoons of water over the flour mixture, tossing gently to combine.

  7. Add enough additional water to make a chunky, fairly cohesive mixture. It should hold together when you gather a bit up and squeeze it in your hand. Beware of kneading the pastry too much and/or adding too much water, as this will toughen the crust.  

  8. Gently shape the pastry into a cohesive mass. Or before shaping, take it a step further: Transfer the shaggy mixture to a piece of parchment paper. Press it into a rough rectangle and fold the dough into thirds, like a business letter. If necessary, spritz any dry areas with cold water and flatten and fold again, repeating the process until all errant bits of dough have been incorporated. Folding the dough in this fashion will create more flaky layers in your final crust. 

  9. Divide the dough in half. Gather each piece into a rough disk. Smooth the disks; it's OK if they have a few cracks in the surface. Smooth their edges by running the disks along a floured surface like a wheel.

  10. Wrap the crusts in plastic or your favorite reusable storage wrap. Chill for 30 minutes, or up to overnight. Or wrap in aluminum foil over the plastic, and freeze for up to two months.

  11. When you're ready to make pie, remove the crusts from the refrigerator or freezer, leaving them wrapped. Allow to thaw (if frozen) or warm a bit (if chilled longer than 30 minutes), until softened enough to roll but still cold to the touch.

  12. Sprinkle a piece of parchment or waxed paper with flour. Working with one piece of dough at a time, place it on the floured parchment/plastic, and lightly flour the surface of the dough. Cover with another piece of parchment/plastic. For a standard 9" pie, roll the dough into a 12" to 13" round. If you're making a double-crust pie, repeat with the remaining piece of dough.

  13. Lightly grease the pie pan with non-stick spray; this will make taking the slices out of the pan easier later. Fold the crust in quarters and place it in the pan. Or you can simply pick it up with a large spatula and move it that way.

  14. For a single-crust pie, fold the edge of the crust under itself, gently squeezing it together. Crimp as desired. It's nice to make a tall crimp, as the filling for a single-crust pie is usually fairly liquid (think pumpkin or custard), and it's good to have that tall "dam."

  15. For a double-crust pie, use a pair of scissors to trim the bottom crust to within 1/2” of the rim of the pan. Once you've added the filling, roll the top crust into a 12" circle and center it over the filling.

  16. Bring the top crust down and over the edge of the bottom crust, pressing the two together to make a ridge of dough around the inside rim of the pan. Using the tines of a fork, gently press the crust down onto the pan’s rim all the way around the circumference of the pie. Or make a taller “finger crimp”: Using the pointer finger of one hand on one side of the ridge of dough,  and the thumb and pointer finger of the other hand on the other side, press to make even indentations along the entire edge of the pie crust. At this point, it helps to return the pie to the refrigerator for 20 to 30 minutes; this chills the fat, which ultimately increases the crust's flakiness.

  17. Just before baking, brush the top crust with milk or water and sprinkle it with coarse sparkling sugar, cinnamon sugar, or granulated sugar. Make a series of cuts to allow steam to escape. Three or four simple parallel cuts are fine, but feel free to do something more decorative if you like.

  18. Bake according to the pie recipe's directions. Enjoy!

Tips from our Bakers

  • Be aware: Some of your baking ingredients can be a hidden source of gluten. Learn more at our blog post: For gluten-free baking, think beyond just flour. For additional information on King Arthur-produced products, read the complete details of our allergen program, including our contact-prevention practices.

  • To keep the bottom crust from getting soggy, try brushing it with egg white and chilling before adding the filling. You can also use melted butter to create a barrier between the fillings moisture and the crust.
  • Looking for a pie crust recipe that doesn't use shortening? Try our All-Butter Pie Crust.

  • If you're using an odd-sized pan, here's how to determine what diameter to roll your crust. Measure the pan's bottom diameter, then up the sides. If your pan is 7" across the bottom, and 1 1/2" up each side, that's a total of 10". This means you should roll your bottom crust to a diameter of about 12", which gives you enough extra for crimping the edges.
  • Be sure to use cold butter and ice water when making the crust; it helps keep the butter and shortening from dispersing throughout the dough, which in turn helps keep the crust flaky. Also, resting the dough in the refrigerator, both after mixing and rolling out, will dramatically increase the quality of your results by firming up the fats in the dough, helping it stay flakier.