Grilled Flatbread

Recipe by Martin Philip

King Arthur 2020 Recipe of the Year

If you’ve never grilled fresh dough before, start here. This recipe yields a forgiving dough that gets crisp and charred on the exterior while remaining tender and fluffy inside. Since grills vary widely by make and model, you’ll get better results as you get to know your equipment. The good news is that because this recipe yields two flatbreads, you have at least one chance to practice. 

This recipe was one of our Bake of the Week features for August 2023.

35 mins
8 to 12 mins
1 hr 40 mins
two 10" flatbreads or four 5" flatbreads
Grilled Flatbread - select to zoom
Grilled Flatbread - select to zoom
Grilled Flatbread - select to zoom
Grilled Flatbread - select to zoom


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  1. To prepare the dough: Weigh your flour; or measure it by gently spooning it into a cup, then sweeping off any excess. In a large bowl or bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the flat beater attachment, combine the flour, water, yeast, olive oil, and salt. Mix until a shaggy, sticky dough forms without any dry, floury patches. This should take less than 1 minute. Scrape down the sides to gather the dough into a rough ball. Cover and set aside.  

  2. After 30 minutes, use a bowl scraper or your wet hand to grab a section of dough from one side, lift it up, and press it down to the middle to seal. Repeat, turning the bowl 90° between each stretch, until the dough won’t elongate easily, about 8 to 12 times total. This process, which is called a bowl fold, replaces kneading. 

  3. Cover the bowl and let the dough rest at room temperature, undisturbed, for at least 30 minutes or for up to 3 hours. This forgiving dough will be fine with more or less time, but a longer rise will make shaping easier. 

  4. Turn the dough out onto a lightly floured work surface. Gently deflate it and divide it in half (about 270g each) or into quarters (about 135g each) for small flatbreads.

  5. Shape each piece of dough into a rough ball by pulling the edges into the center. Turn the dough seam-side down, cover, and let rest for at least 20 minutes and up to 1 hour, until it’s relaxed enough to stretch and shape.  

  6. If using a gas grill, preheat to 350°F to 400°F, then adjust some burners to medium-low and others to medium-high. If using a charcoal grill, set up two-zone grilling by banking the coals towards one side of the grill, which will create a hot and less-hot section. Alternatively, see "tips," for instructions on how to cook these flatbreads on the stovetop or in the oven.

  7. To make the basting oil: In a small bowl, whisk together the olive oil and garlic. Set aside. 

  8. To stretch the dough: Dust a pizza peel, thin wooden cutting board, or clean work surface with semolina flour or cornmeal. Transfer one ball of dough to the prepared surface, and sprinkle the top with flour. Use your fingertips to gently depress the round, then gently stretch, pull, and flatten the dough into a 10" round or into a 5" round if making 4 smaller flatbreads. Repeat with the remaining dough.

  9. To prepare the grill: Use a grill brush to remove any residue and clean the grates. For extra protection against sticking, use tongs to rub a wadded or folded paper towel coated in cooking oil over the grates. 

  10. To grill the flatbread: Working with one flatbread at a time, brush one side of the prepared dough with the basting oil, and place it oil-side down onto a medium-hot section of the grill. Cook for 3 to 4 minutes, until the bottom crust is golden brown. Watch closely and move as necessary to achieve your desired color. Brush the top with oil and then turn the bread over and cook for an additional 3 to 4 minutes, again watching closely and moving as needed, until the bread is firm, golden brown, and charred in spots. Move your flatbread to the hotter section of your grill to brown any lighter sections, if needed.

  11. Remove the flatbread from the grill and brush with extra basting oil. Serve the flatbread with your favorite dips and accoutrements: we like whipped feta, burrata, olives, roasted red peppers, hummus, romesco, or muhummara. You can also top the flatbread like a pizza: try ricotta and chopped fresh tomatoes, or charred corn kernels, arugula, and shavings of Parmesan.  

  12. Storage information: The grilled flatbread is best the day it’s made. Store leftover flatbread, untopped and well-wrapped, at room temperature for up to two days. 

Tips from our Bakers

  • For best results, use the less-hot side of the grill for the majority of the cook time, moving the dough closer to the hotter burners or coals only towards the end, and keep the grill lid closed when possible. 

  • To bake this flatbread: Place a rack in the center of your oven and preheat the oven to 450°F with a baking steel or stone inside and at least 8" below your broiler. Make sure your oven is at the required temperature for at least 30 minutes before baking, so the steel or stone can fully preheat. Use your fingertips to dimple the dough all over (this will prevent puffing in the oven), then transfer the pie to your preheated steel or stone (here’s how!) and bake the dough for 5 to 7 minutes, until firm and matte. Turn on the broiler and, watching carefully, broil for 1 to 3 minutes, until the top is golden-brown and charred in spots. If you can't use a broiler, simply bake your flatbread for a few minutes longer. 

  • To cook the flatbread on the stovetop: Prepare the recipe as written through shaping the dough (step 8). Heat a cast iron skillet on the stovetop over medium heat, until it's about 375°F to 400°F. Working with one flatbread at a time, brush one side with oil, cook for about 6 minutes total, brushing with oil and flipping halfway through. Repeat with remaining dough until all the flatbreads are cooked.